Q7. WHICH ARE THE WHEAT PRODUCING REGIONS IN EUROPE? DISCUSS.
GIVE THE DETAILS OF WHEAT PRODUCING AREAS OF EUROPE.
Wheat cultivation areas of Europe can be divided into 4 regions as under;
a. South-East Europe
b. North-West Europe
c. European Russia
d. Mediterranean Lands
a. SOUTH-EAST EUROPE
In South-East arid East Europe, the wheat producing countries are Belgrade, Hungry, some regions of Zecosalavakia, Rumania and Australia. Per hector production of wheat n these regions is low because out dated tools and traditional methods of cultivation are used. Winter wheat is cultivated here. Despite low production, the protein proportion in wheat is high here as compared to other countries. This is the reason that what of Eastern Europe is highly demanded in the Western Europe.
b. NORTH-WEST EUROPE:
Cold, temperate and oceanic climate is found in North-West Europe which is ideal for the cultivation of wheat. Average of 40 inches rain in Western Europe is highly favourable. Although the modern agricultural machines are also not used in this region but the methods of cultivation are not outdated. The most important wheat producing country in North-South Europe is France while Britain and Belgium are at number 2 and 3. France, at the global level, is the small wheat producing country. Netherlands and Denmark are also important wheat producing countries. Despite this, amongst all these European countries, no one is self sufficient in wheat and all import wheat from other countries.
c. EUROPEAN RUSSIA:
In the Eastern Russia, wheat producing belt runs from Ukraine to Central Siberia. Winter wheat is cultivated in Ukraine while Spring Wheat is cultivated in Siberia. Rain is not only low but uncertain in these regions. Soil for wheat production in Eastern Europe is gray and fertile in the vast pains. This is the reason that heavy agricultural machines are used here profitably. Russia is one of the important wheat producing country in the world where more than 90 million tones wheat is produced every year.
d. MEDITERRANEAN LANDS:
This region is ideal for wheat cultivation because it rains here in the winter season. Moreover, it also rains during the wheat growing period. Summer goes dry which is most favourable for ripping and reaping of wheat. Nevertheless, since rains are irregular and uncertain, the production of wheat year after year and crop after crop varies. As the large part of land is not leveled and the land is becoming the victim of soil erosion, the large part of this region is not brought under wheat cultivation. Italy is the important wheat producing country while other areas include Spain and Greece.