Pakistan study notes for Matric, Intermediate, B.A, B.COM BSC, M.A, BCS. Free Pakistani Urdu educational school, colleges and University notes.



Different psychologists and management experts have evolved several motivation theories. These can be listed in the following categories:

I. The Content Theories

1. Classical Theory (Frederick Taylor)

2. Need or Humanistic Theory (Abraham Maslow)

3. Need Theory (D.T. Hall & KE. Nougaim)

4. Two-factor Theory (Frederick Herzberg)

5. Human Relation Theory (Rensis likert)

II. The Process Theories

1. Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov)

2. Operant Conditioning (B.F. Skinner)

3. Preference-Expectation (Victor Vroom)

4. Expanded Contingency Model (Porter & Lawler)

III. Theory X and Theory Y

IV. Theory Z


All the above theories try to find some connection between the stimulus and response. Now we discuss above theories in detail.

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