Q23. GIVE THE DETAILS OF SUGAR CANE CULTIVATION IN WEST INDIES.
WHERE IS SUGAR CANE CULTIVATED IN WEST INDIES? POINT OUT.
Cuba is the biggest sugar cane producing country in West Indies rather it will not be wrong to conclude that the entire economy of Cuba depends on one commercial crop and that is nothing but the sugar cane. Cuba has once been big exporter of sugar and even today it is the third big sugar producing country.
Half of the area of Cuba, with reference surface, companies steep areas and plain valleys which are ideal for sugar cane cultivation. Lime mixed soil plains are covered by grass which provide moisture. It rains from 1000 to 2000 millimeters during summer which is necessary for sugar cane cultivation. The dry season continues from December to April when sugar cane ripe.
Proportion of sucrose increase due to dry season. Moreover transport of sugar cane from farms to coastal areas becomes easy. Nevertheless, population is not thick therefore; labour is imported from other countries on the high wages. In other words, Cuba contains ideal physical and economic factors for sugar cane cultivation.
The other important sugar cane growing areas, apart from Cuba in West Inches, are Pretoria and Democratic Domington. Other islands also produce sugar cane like Barbados, Traded, Ramdigwa, Jamaica and Towagas.