Q7. ANALYZE THE POPULATION OF PAKISTAN IN THE LIGHT OF BIRTH RATE AND DEATH RATE.
POPULATION OF PAKISTAN IS INCREASING WITH DIMINISHING RATE’. EXPLAIN THE STATEMENT REFERRING TO THE BIRTH AND DEATH RATES IN THE COUNTRY.
The population of particular country can be analyzed in the light of the following 3 aspects:
a. What is the position of welfare of the population?
b. What is the production capacity of the country?
c. What amount of the goods and services would be need by the population in future?
The size of population of a country depends on Birth Rate and Death Rate. In the middle of 2004, the total population of Pakistan was 148.7 million showing a net increase in the total population by 1.9 per cent over the last year. The total population of Pakistan in 1947 was 32.5 million therefore the population of Pakistan, during the last 57 years, has been increased by 116 million people.
Population of Pakistan, no doubt, is increasing but increasing with diminishing rate. The population was increasing in 1981 with a rate of 3.06 per cent per year which decreased to 1.9 per cent in 2004. In other words, the falling trend in population growth began after 1981. The rate of population growth began to decline due to prominent fall in the Birth Rate after 1980. Between 1960 and 1980 fertility rate maintained at 6.8 children per woman but during 1996 and 2000, this rate decreased to 4.8 children per woman. According to another analysis in Pakistan, after 1980 the fertility rate in 10 year decreased to 1.8 children due to which the population growth has prominently been decreased against many Eastern and South East Asian countries.
FERTILITY AND MORTALITY RATES:
The Death Rate, no doubt, has been decreased due to better medical facilities and improvement in the common living standard. Nevertheless, the Birth Rate has also substantially been decreased for the last few years in Pakistan. The Crude Death Rate (CDR) in 2003-04 was 8.1 per cent per thousand. The Death Rate of mothers at the time of birth of children is 350 or 450 per thousand due to which 17000 newly born children loose their mother every year. The Average Age of male according to year 2003-04 is 454.10 years and that of female is 63.80 years. The Death Rate in Pakistan, as compared to many developing countries, has been decreased.
Although the Death Rate shows d declining trend in Pakistan nevertheless, the Child Death Rate, according to 2004, is 82 children per thousand. This is the rate of those children who are born alive but die and most of they die because of Diariah or Phenomena.