Q4. EXPLAIN THE PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PLATEAUS OF PAKISTAN.
DISCUSS THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PLATEAUS OF BALUCHISTAN, POTOWAR AND SALT RANGE OF PAKISTAN.
According to the physiology, there are 4 parts of Pakistan:
c. Desert areas
d. Plain areas
Here we highlight the Plateaus of Pakistan which comprises of two parts as follows:
a. POTOWAR PLATEAU AND SALT RANGE:
Potowar Plateau and Salt Range are situated in the South of Northern Mountains. The Northern hills of this range comprise of the range of Kala Chatta and the Margalla mountains while the South Limits are confined to the Salt Range. The Basin of Swan is located between the North and South limits. This area is about 1,700 meters high than the surface of the sea and the highest spot of this area is Sakesar located at 1700 meters height. There are not only the salt mines in these areas but the mines of Gypsum, coal and lime also. Oil reserves are also here. The districts of Rawalpindi, Jehlum and Mianwali are included in Potowar Plateau.
River Swan and its tributaries have made the plain leveled on which crops are cultivated. There are a few beautiful lakes also in this area including kallar Kahar, Ujali and Khaski are main. Minerals are in abundance in Potowar plateau and the Salt Range including rock salt, diamonds, coal, gypsum and lime.
b. BALUCHISTAN PLAIEAU:
Baluchistan Plateau is located in the Western Range of Sulaiman Range Kirthar which is a large area. There are some mountains and deserts in this area. In the mountainous range the high peak of Muslim Bagh is included and the average height of this area is 2000 meters. As the rainfall is low and the shortage of rivers is here, the minerals like coal, gas and lead are found.
The mountainous range of Baluchistan Plateau remains, the victim of erosion that is why these ranges look eroded. Big and long streams flow in the hill nevertheless; they lie dry in the dominant part of the year. When it rains, these areas are turned into green. These streams provide irrigation water and the stream water is stored in the dams which is used for irrigation in the dry season.
The mountainous range of Kalat and Chai is situated between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The coast of Makran is stretched in the South of this plateau. The Great Salt Lake Hamnoon is situated here. The important river of area is River Zhob which joins River Gomal in the north. As the rivers of this area are seasonal, they remain dry during the major part of the year.