Q7. WRITE SHORT NOTES ON THE FOLLOWING:
a. MODERATELY POPULATED REGIONS
b. DENSELY POPULATED REGIONS
c. VERY DENSELY POPULATED REGIONS
Density of population, according to their degree, can be classified into the following three kinds:
a. MODERATELY POPULATED REGIONS:
The regions are called moderately populated where 11 to 50 persons live on one sqr. Km. These regions, with reference to resources and the technology, can be divided into following three:
First: The regions with more resources and high technology.
Second: The regions with more resources and out dated technology.
Third: The regions with loss resources and backward technology.
The damp and moist areas of America plains covered moderately with grass (Parries) and low lands of Australia are included in the regions with more resources and high technology. When these regions were open, were thinly populated. For compensating the shortage of population, the capital intensive methods of cultivation are used in which less labour is required. In other words, labour is substituted by machines. No more people, due to use of machines, are required therefore, population remains moderate. The dominant part of Central East America is also included in the same category. Agriculture, mining and industry have jointly made this region a developed region.
Yoroguay, areas adjacent to Paraguay, Eastern coast of Brazil and the areas of South East Asia are moderately populated. These regions are richly bestowed in resources but technology is not developed here. If technological development takes place, these regions without deteriorating living standard, these areas can supply the resources to more dense population.
Moderately populated regions include Iran,India,Pakistan, some areas of Afghanistan,China, the upper lands of central and Western part of Africa and some parts of Central America. The resources are scarce and technology is backward in these regions. So long technology is developed in these regions; they are not capable to support their population without deteriorating the living standard.
b. DENSELY POPULATED REGIONS:
Densely populated regions have from 51 to 100 persons living on one sqr. Km. Eastern United States of America is included in such regions where resources are abundant and technology is also developed. Agriculture, mining, industry and almost all the sectors of the economy are developed and this region is capable to provide higher living standard even dense population.
On the’ basis of reasonable resources and high technology, Eastern Europe is capable to provide better living standard to more population.
Apart from coastal plains and River Gangaze most of the parts of India, some parts of Pakistan, Valleys of South East Asia and the large part of China is densely populated. All these regions are ancient and are populated from far past therefore, the natural increase of the population has made these regions densely populated.
The resources, in comparison of population, are scarce.
Scarcity of resources and backwardness of technology compel the people to strive hard for survival.
c. VERY DENSELY POPULATED REGIONS:
Very densely populate regions is one where more than 100 persons live on one sqr. Km. Most of such regions is situated in the ancient world. The coastal areas of China which are spread along the banks of Rivers Huwanhu, Yang Tisi Kiyang and the valleys of Shingling, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Ganges plains and India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, plains of River Indus, Nile Valley are the best agricultural lands. The areas of these countries are also industrially developed. The resources as compared to population are short and technology is also backward. The social, economic and political future of these regions, therefore, depends on technological development.
Northern European plains and Western Europe are very densely populated. Apart from it, Northern United America,Canada and adjacent areas are such regions. Japan is included in very densely populated regions in Asia. These countries are economically prosperous duo to high technology and efficient social management although they have limited resources because they are capable to use scarce resources efficiently. These regions, in return of export of technology and products, import raw materials and food items and oil from other countries. This is the reason that the common living standard of these countries is high.