Q18. GIVE THE DETAILS OF MAIZE CULTIVATION IN THE FOLLOWING CONTINENTS:
The details of maize cultivation in the continents mentioned above is given below:
The climate of North Europe is not favourable for the maize cultivation therefore, it its cultivation is concentrated in Southern regions. Mai7e cultivation is spread from valley of Powardar Derub to Southern Russia in South because the soil, temperature, surface level and rainfall necessary for the maize cultivation are available in this region. But the rainfall is uncertain. The measures taken in Russia for the production and development of maize cultivation have been very fruitful and encouraging. Maize is important in Europe for vattle teed as compared to the human food.
The European countries where maize is cultivated include Italy, Russia, Yugoslavia, Hungry. Spain and France, Italy leads in this behalf where the valley of Uyoc and the coastal plains of Adriatic are the main areas of maize cultivation.
Maize embodies food value as wheat has in Asia. Almost all the Asian countries produce maize. China is the leader in Asia where 68 per cent of the total production of maize is concentrated. In China, maize cultivation area starches from plain of Yangmiri to the central Manchuria in North.
Maize is cultivated in Asia in the region of monsoon where wheat is grown on better lands and maize on inferior lands. China is important in Asia for maize cultivation. India is ranked at second position in maize production. Maize is cultivated in Pakistan also.
Maize occupies important place amongst the human food in the continent of Africa. Maize grins, due to hot climate, are hard here. South Africa and Egypt are important maize producing regions in Africa. South Africa produced one their of the total maize production in Africa. Maize in addition to human food is also used as industrial raw material and cattle feed in Africa. Moreover, maize is also exported to other countries. It is cultivated also in Zimbabwe and Morocco.
Maize is neither important to grow in Australia nor regions have been specified for maize cultivation, maize is cultivated here on eastern border of Queens Land and New South Wales.