Pakistan study notes for Matric, Intermediate, B.A, B.COM BSC, M.A, BCS. Free Pakistani Urdu educational school, colleges and University notes.



Students, workers, managers, and other people from different walks of life are keenly interested in knowing what leadership is, who the leaders are, what the qualities of leaders are, whether one can become a leader and how.

Before we try to understand leadership and leaders and answer above questions the author of the book would like to quote warren Bennis as saying “after at least fifty years of research and theorizing, we can say only one thing with any confidence: There is no proverbial generalization about leadership.” In other words, he says there is no best definition of leaders.


ROBERT L. SWIGGETT, Chairman of KOLL MORGEN Corporation defines leader as one whose job is to create vision. JOE NEVIN, MIS directors at Apple Computers describes leaders as “painters of the vision and architects of the journey”.

According to TANNENBAUM, WESCHLER, and MASSARIK, leadership consists of interpersonal influence, exercised in a situation and directed, by means of the communication process, toward the attainment of a specified goal or goals.


Beech defines leadership as “the process of influencing others to act to accomplish specified objectives”.


Fulmer states, “leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek certain goals and the technique of taking them there”.


Koontz define it as “influence, the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically toward the achievement of group goals.”


The view of the author of the book is the leadership is the exercise of authority and power utilizing his acquired and gifted qualities in a given situation in the attainment of ends.

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