Q9. HIGHLIGHT THE IMPORTANT PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN RAILWAYS.
WHICH PROBLEMS ARE FACED BY PAKISTAN RAILWAYS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT? EXPLAIN.
WHAT PROBLEMS IMPEDE THE DEVELOPMENT OF PAKISTAN RAILWAYS? DISCUSS.
HIGHLIGHTING THE PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN RAILWAYS, SUGGEST THE REMEDIAL MEASURES FOR THEM.
In 1947 when Pakistan came into being, rails were the important and main means of transport here. But when the roads were developed, the importance of railways deceased. Up to 1972, railway was a profitable department but now, for the last many years. Pakistan Railways is running in losses because it is facing the following problems:
1. Approximately 60 per cent of the assets of this department have gone out dated and depreciated and no hope is their for betterment.
2. 65 per cent rail tracks, 55 per cent sleepers, 60 per cent Diesel engines and all steam and electric engines have been very old and obsolete.
3. The funds allocated for the development of railways have now been curtailed. In the past, 67 per cent of the total funds reserved for means of transport, used to be allocated to the railways which have now been reduced to 30 per cent.
4. Since railway is a public body therefore, commercial aspect is ignored due to which it is not being developed.
5. Misappropriation and corruption, like other government department, have crept in this department also due to which passenger traffic has been decreased in railways.
6. Pakistan Railways owns single track due to which railway is unable to complete with the roadways. This single track is the main hurdle in up and down running of the trains.
7. On many branch lines, the people do not travel due to sub-standard performance of trains. Consequently, cost increases substantially.
8. Pakistan Railways is facing the shortage of passenger coaches and a goods carrying bogies and so railways is unable to cater the increasing transportation needs of the society.
9. There is no financial and administrative accountability in the railway department and so the railway workers do not realize their duty and thereby efficiency has been finished.
10. Over staffing is another problem of Pakistan Railways. It is a serious problem because the dominant part of railways revenues is eaten up by the unnecessary staff. Consequently, funds are not accumulated for the development programmes.
11. Although railway time-table is prepared and publicized but the trains do not reach and start according to the time-table Mostly the trains become late therefore, the travelers do not trust on the railway time table and they prefer to use other trustworthy means of travel.
SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT:
The following measures can be adopted for solving or decreasing the intensity of the problems being faced by it:
1. Private sectors participation should be acquired for ticketing and reservations so that corrupt government servant may not have any room for corruption. The revenues of Pakistan Railways, in this manner, would also increase.
2. Uneconomic lines should immediately be closed. f it is not possible, such line should be handed over to the private sector on rent.
3. The Government of Pakistan, due to financial constraints, is not in a position to make the department standard and mismanagement and corruption is increasing day by day. Therefore, Pakistan Railways should be privatized.
4. Pakistan railways is badly in need of heavy investment. Financial cooperation can be acquired from friendly countries and International Financial Organizations.
5. All the subsidiary productive departments of Pakistan Railways should be awarded autonomy so that they may be self sufficient.
As Pakistan Railways, due to reason, can’t be given in the Private sector at least now because it would not be in common and public interest therefore, the Government of Pakistan has allocated an amount of Rs. 40 billion for removing the bottlenecks from the railways department. The efforts are being made to eradicate administrative defects by reorganizing the Railway Board. Moreover, offer staffing is being curtailed and Emergency Repairing Programmes has been launched at the cost of Rs. 3.897 billion.