Q9. WRITE ABOUT THE IMPORTANT AGRICULTURAL CROPS OF PAKISTAN.
WHICH AGRICULTURAL CROPS ARE GROWN WHEN? WRITE A SHORT NOTE.
More or less 46 crops are grown in the Agricultural Sector of Pakistan out of which important crops are cereals, pulses, fodder, oil seeds, sugar cane, cotton, vegetables and fruits. These crops are cultivated in the different regions of the country having great difference of climate, water resources and topography. There are 4 prominent seasons as under:
1. Summer season (May to August)
2. Autumn season (September to October)
3. Winter season (November to January)
4. Spring season (February to April)
Nevertheless, two important crops are cultivated in all these four seasons given as under:
a. CROP OF RABI:
Rabi is the crop of winter season which continues from October to March. Rabi crop is sown immediate after the Monsoon rains when winter season begins and this crops is ripen from March to may.
In the crop of Rabi wheat, Jawar and gram in cereals, rap seeds and sun flower in oil seeds and tobacco and sugar canein cash crops while Alfano, Shafta, Senji in fodder are grown.
b. CROP OF KHARIF:
Kharif is the crop of summer which is sown and reaped from April to September. These crops are sown from February to may and are reaped in the beginning or end of winter.
In the crop of Kharif, rice, maize and Bajra in cereals, in the pulses Mash, Moorig,. Moth, Arhar and Lobiya, in the fiber cotton and Jute, in oil seeds ground nuts, sesame and Soya bean, in cash crops Toria, Sugar beet and in fodder maize, Bajra, Gawar etc. are cultivated.
AREA UNDER CULTIVATION:
Two third of the total area under important crops is concentrated in Punjab only. The province of Baluchistan which is largest in area has the limited agricultural activities. Wheat is the most important crop of Pakistan and 35 per cent of the agricultural land is under the cultivation of wheat. Cotton is rated second which cultivated on 12 per cent area while rice is the third important crop under which 9 per cent agricultural land is used.
The land under cultivation of pulses and Bajra is 7 per cent and 4 per cent respectively. Although tobacco and sugar cane is cultivated on 4 per cent and 2 per cent respectively but both are cash crops. Oil seeds are grown just on 2 per cent of total area under cultivation.