Q1. DESCRIBE THE IMPORTANCE OF POPULATION FOR A PARTICULAR COUNTRY.
WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF POPULATION FOR A COUNTRY? EXPLAIN.
ASSESS IMPORTANCE OF POPULATION IN THE LIGHT OF POPULATION CENSUS.
Population census, including Pakistan, is conducted all over the world which is the activity of paramount importance. Here the question arises that why the population should be analyzed with different angles?
The analysis of population in different dimensions is not possible so long population census is not conducted. Statistical information pertaining to the different aspects of population provides valuable information about the Government efforts made for the betterment of citizens of a country as well as the results of these efforts in connection with the social wellbeing and the economic development and growth in future. The nature has bestowed upon every country with two types of resources; ‘Human resource (population) and ‘Material’ resources. Human resources play their active role therefore, all kinds of material resources can’t use for betterment of mankind without human resources. In other words, being active resources, human resources play more important and determinant role as compared to material (passive) resources.
When we use the words ‘human resource’, we mean the population of a country. Population embodies two contradictory aspects; no economic or any kind of development is possible without population on the one hand. In other words, man is the end En himself as well as the mean to reach the end. But the contradictory aspect of population is that rapid and erupted increased in population of a country is also the cause of poverty, illiteracy and a series of problems in all the developing countries including Pakistan. Problem is not the high population but the root problem is not being the standard population. If the dominant part of the total population of a country is educated, trained, laborious and equipped with technology, it would be a boon for the country and contrary to it, it would be the curse for the country. Standard population guarantees the maximum utilization of material resources.
If the majority of the population of a country is laborious, it would increase the production in the country. If, therefore, the people of Pakistan are education, honest and laborious, there is no reason that the production would not increase and economic self sufficiency would not be achieved. On the basis of the same reason it is said that man is more precious and important than gold and silver because this is the man who discovers and mines the gold and silver. Apart from it, the total clusters of the productive activities revolve around the center of man. The importance of man can be assessed by the fact that he is the producer as well as consumer. In other words, he is the end as well as means to reach the end. In the capacity of source of production, he combines his mental and manual capabilities with the natural resources and then applies the methods of production so that maximum production becomes possible within minimum cost and labour.
Man, as a source of production, has played positive, constructive and decisive role in the development of all the civilizations (countries). Although man, as compared to other living beings and forces, is weaker but the nature has bestowed upon him the great and unlimited power of brain on the basis of which he has proved his supremacy on under and above the earth. He, using his wisdom, invented huge machines which freed him from rendering manual labour and now he his having more opportunities to use his brain power due to which the pace of development has been accelerated.
The man has invented today the ‘magic’ of specialization on the basis of which process of development and progress is geared up through inventions and innovations. The analysis of population, for economic development and success, should be done on the basis to following 2 aspects:
a. QUANTITATIVE ASPECT:
According to Quantitative Aspect of population, it is analyzed in the light of various statistical data like total population, birth rate, death rate, density of population, growth rate of population, migration, man-women ratio, literacy rate etc. The Human Balance Sheet is also analyzed in the light of Quantitative Aspect.
b. QUALITATIVE ASPECT:
Population of a country should not be analyzed quantitatively but the Qualitative Aspect is also not less important. Merely a flock of people can play no positive role. For using the mental and manual capabilities of people constructively and positively, positive changes will have to be introduced in political, social, educational and other institutions of the society. For instance, political structure should be stable, differentiation on the basis of colour and creed, poverty and richness should be eliminated.