Q4. HIGHLIGHT THE FUTURE OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF PAKISTAN.
WHAT PLANNING HAS BEEN ADOPTED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN FOR THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR? DISCUSS.
WHAT STRATEGY WOULD BE ADOPTED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE DURING THE PERIOD OF 2001-2011? EXPLAIN IN THE LIGHT OF 10 YEARS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME.
The Government of Pakistan, for the period of 10 years (2001-2011), has chalked out the development programme for the promotion of agricultural sector on the basis of the following grounds:
a. Which crops should be sown in Pakistan?
b. What strategy should be adopted for achieving the proposed objectives?
c. What programmes should be implemented In the light of proposed strategy?
The majority of population of Pakistan is poor and it depends on agricultural sector. According to the recent report of Federal Board of Statistics (FBS), the pattern of poverty in Pakistan changes with the agricultural production. There is no doubt that the agricultural sector of Pakistan is the dominant and most strategic sector on which the collective success or failure depends directly. The agricultural sector:
1. The share of agriculture in GOP (national income) is 25 per cent.
2. This sector provides livelihood to 68 per cent population living in the rural areas of the country.
3. This sector provides employment to 46 per cent of the total population ofPakistan.
4. Agricultural hector contributes 60 per cent (including agricultural semi-processed goods) to the exports of the country.
5. This sector provides raw materials to the key industries of Pakistan like sugar and textiles etc.
Although the rate of growth of agricultural sector as compared to other sectors like manufacturing and services, has declined but despite all these facts, agricultural sector is still most important and prominent sector of Pakistan. During the last decade, the average growth rate of this sector has been 3.9 per cent but the growth rate is constantly threaten by the persistent drought in the country and the average and poor farmer of Pakistan has badly been affected by this situation.
The Government of Pakistan, for coming out of this situation and keeping the agricultural sector on the right path, has chalked out the development programmes for the next 10 years (2001-2011) in the light of the following:
a. NATURE OF THE PROBLEMS:
The agricultural sector of Pakistan has to decide about the following problems and the questions:
1. Which cropsPakistanshould grow?
2. These crops should be concerned to the import substitutes like edible oil, tea and milk.
3.Pakistanhas been facing the shortage of export oriented agricultural products.
4. The productivity of Live Stock and fish is low.
5. The structure of agricultural markets is outdated and cultivators are exploited.
6. There is the lack of agricultural research and education.
7. Facilities of credit are almost nil for the small and medium cultivators.
The following measures would be taken to answer these questions and to solve these problems:
1. The crops which require less water would be encouraged.
2. The area under cotton and wheat cultivation would be expended.
3. Reducing the area under Irri Rice, would be substituted by other crops like cotton and other cash crops.
4. The area under sugar cultivation would be rationalized by cropping Sugar Beat.
5. The area under tea cultivation should be increased.
6. The plantation of Oil Palm and Olive should be increased.
7. The production of fruits, vegetable, flowers and tobacco should be increased.
8. The cultivation of Sunflower, Repassed and Canola should be increased.
9. The private sector should be encouraged to enter in lea cultivation by providing it maximum credit facilities.
10. The milk collection from rural areas programme should be implemented and the milk plants should be established at the maximum.
11. High value crops should be encouraged like fruits, flowers and herbs.
12. The dominant agricultural products part should be produced for export markets.
13. The measures should be taken to improve the quality of all agricultural products.
14. Export Processing Zones should be established for the increase in agricultural exports.
15. High yield products should be encouraged.
16. Testified and certified seeds must be used.
17. At the time of manuring in the agricultural fields, a balance should be maintained between the Desi fertilizers and the chemical fertilizers.
18. For providing the protection to the crops against insects and plant diseases, an integrated programme should be chalked out.
19. The Genetics should be introduced in poultry farming and live stock farming.
20. The standard and quantity of poultry feed and loader for live stock should be improved and increased.
21. The large size cold storages should be established throughout the country for preserving milk.
22. The big size cold storages should also be established in sufficient number for procuring fish.
23. The transport system should be improved for carrying the agricultural products and inputs to and from the markets.
24. More agricultural research centers, by enhancing the research funds, should be established so that new and improved agricultural varieties may be introduced.
25. Maximum credit facilities should be provided to the small and medium cultivators ofPakistan.
c. DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES:
For implementing the above strategy and reaching the destination of success, the Government of Pakistan has prepared the following programme for the next decade;
1. The Management Projects, in the line of Surgodah Mode, would be prepared.
2. The Agricultural Technology would be transferred to the cultivators.
3. On farm Water Management would be implemented.
4. Oil Seed Development Projects would be established.
5. Oil Palm Development Projects and Olive Development Projects would be established.
6. Establishment of Black Tea Processing Plant.
7. Installation of Milk Powder Plant in the private sector.
8. Agricultural Research Centers would be established.
9. Establishment of Certified Nurseries for the fruit plants.
10. Quality control on production.
11. Establishment of cold storages.
12. Establishment of Projects for increasing the productivity of the crops.
13. Provision of information to the cultivators through electronic media.
14. Implementation of Corporate Farming.
15. Establishment of projects for animal husbandry.
16. The laws would be framed for regulating the agricultural marketing.
17. Implementation health and sanitation programmes on the fish exporting harbours.
18. Provision of help from non development funds.