Q10. IN HOW MANY GROUPS THE CLIMATE CAN BE CLASSIFIED AND WHICH OF THE GROUPS IS FOUND IN DIFFERENT AREAS OF
ANALYZE THE DIFFERENT AREAS OF PAKISTAN IN THE LIGHT OF CLIMATIC GROUPING.
Koppen is the first Geographer of Graze University who did the first climatic grouping. He, for deciding upon the group of climate of a particular region, made the annual and monthly temperature the base. According to his grouping, the climate of Pakistan relates to Group B. In other words the collective climate of Pakistan, according to this group, is dry. Ninety per cent of the climate of Pakistan is dry. This dry climate is divided into two main and 5 sub-groups.
The main two groups of this dry climate are two as under:
a. Arid/ Desert climate
The subgroups of Arid Climate of Pakistan are as under:
1. COLD-SEMI ARID CLIMATE:
This climate is found in the southern central mountainous regions of Kashmir, Peshawar, Dera Ismail Khan, Quetta and Kalat divisions. The summers are dry and the winters go severely cold with rains.
2. TUNDRA CUMATE:
The main characteristic of this climate is that the temperature, during the hottest month reaches 50 degree FH but higher than 32 degree FR This climate prevails in the Eastern and northern parts of Kashmir including Laddakh, Baltistan, Gilgit and Northern Chitral.
3. TROPICAL SEMIARID CLIMATE:
This climate is found in Karachi, Hyderabad and south of Khairpur divisions. The average annual temperature maintains at 64.4 FH.
4. SNOW FOREST CLIMATE:
In the areas of this climate, the average temperature in the coldest month remains at below 26.6 FH while summers go got and during the hottest month the average temperature remains at 50 degree FH. This climate is found In the In the northern hills of the Tribal Areas and some parts of Kashmir.
5. DESERT CLIMATE:
This climate prevails in the south of Kalat and the Indus plains In Lahore, Rawalpindi, Dera Ismail Khan Divisions to the half of the south of Kahirpur. The average annual temperature is maintained at 64.4 degree.