Q14. WHAT ROLE IS PLAYED BY CONIFEROUS
FORESTS FOR THE BUSINESS AND TRADE RELATED TO WOOD? EXPLAIN.
WRITE A DETAILED NOTE ON CONIFEROUS FORESTS.
Coniferous forests are the important source of wood supply world market of wood. As cutting and lumbering of the wood grown in these forests is easy and cheap, the wood cut from these forests can be supplied in the market easily and at the lower cost.
Mean of transport play the decisive role in the development of wood business and this facility is available in these forests due to snow fall. The trees which are fallen due to snow fall, they could easily be dragged easily on slippery snowy land by Slage carts and can be brought easily to the banks of rivers. When snow melts, the water flow brings the trees already cut to the bottom of mountains. Moreover, industrial areas are situated near the forests; the markets for selling the wood are also available.
These forests are termed as ‘Coniferous’ because the leaves of the trees grown in these kinds of forests are thick and cone like in shape. Coniferous forests are found in Siberia,Alaska,Norway,Canada, and Finland and on the slopes of mountains. The average rain fall needed for these forests is 19 inches and this average is available in these areas. This is the reason that these areas are ideal for coniferous forests. The weather in those areas is long and severe while the summer is short and bit cold. Snow fall takes place in these areas during winter. Since the leaves of the trees are thick and cone like, they have the capacity to bear the severeness of weather. This is the reason that leaf shedding does not take place nevertheless, the growth of trees is stopped during winter.
The trees grown in the Coniferous Forests include pine, sprooz, kher and Larch. The wood achieved from coniferous forests is soft due to which it is used in special industries like match, decks of ships, news print, rayon and paper pulp. The diameter of the trees grown in these forests, on an average, is four to eight feet while some of the trees are 100 feet in length.