Q16. WRITE A NOTE ON CULTIVATION, USE AND DISTRIBUTION OF MAIZE.
MAIZE IS USED FOR FOOD & COMMERCIAL PURPOSES”. JUSTIFY THE STATEMENT.
‘Zeemaize’ is the botanical name of a food grain which is called ‘corn’ in America and Maize’ in Asia. Maize was introduced in agricultural countries by America which is now being cultivated almost in all the countries of world.
In the opinion of some exports, maize was first cultivated in America or Mexico. Nevertheless, all these are estimations because it is very difficult to say where was it grown first?
When Europeans entered in America, maize was already being cultivated on the large scale in South America. Maize gradually became the important part of human food. As compared to wheat and rice maize, as a food item, although is less important but it is being used as food item on the large scale in particularly the Asian countries.
USES OF MAIZE:
Maize, in addition to the food grain, is also used for other purpose as given below:
1. Maize is used as the cattle feed due to which their weight is increased they milking capability is also improved.
2. Maize is used as the international raw material. For instance, it is used for making alcohol, plaster board and manufacturing other goods.
3. The oil of maize (called corn oil) is used as edible oil.
4. Popped and boiled maize is used as food.