Q3. WHERE IS COAL PRODUCED IN ASIA? EXP LAIN.
POINT OUT THE ASIAN COUNTRIES WHERE COAL MINES ARE FOUND.
GIVE THE ASIAN DISTRIBUTION OF COAL.
Asia is the biggest continent of the world therefore, there are 48 coal reserves. The following Asian countries produce coal:
China is biggest coal producing and consuming countries. North-Western mines are the largest coal mines. China has more mines as compared to any country of the world. According to estimation there are reserves of coal worth 114,500 million metric tones which, after America and Russia, are at the third position in the world. Out of 29 provinces of China, 27 possess coal mines in China. Ninety per cent of coal reserves are located here in the Quinling Mountains and Huai River and 60 per cent is available in North China. Apart from it, 10 per cent cola mines are located in North East,North Westand South West of China. The biggest reserves are found in the province of Shanxi and this area consists upon 58,000 sqr. Kms. The significant coal reserves are concentrated in the mountains of Taiyuan and Yangquan. This region is situated in the center of China. This is the reason that the coal mined from here can be sent easily in all 14-is directions of China.
Mongolia is the second biggest coal producing area in China nevertheless, the difficult topography and long distance of mines create the problems in mining here. Other important coal mines of China are located in Shantung-Hopei, Hopei and Fukien and Sikiang and Vunan reign.
Coal, as a source of energy in china is the chief source as compared to all other sources of energy. China uses 24 per cent of the total coal produced in the world and she is also the biggest exporter of coal in the world.
2. RUSSIAN FEDERATION:
Amongst the states of Russian Federation, the coal producing states include Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan, Belarus, Latvia, Tajikistan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Russia(former) used to be on top for the production of coal in the world. The production of coal has constantly been increasing here. In 1914, these states were producing 30 million tones of coat which increased to 500 million tones during Eighties. Coal production is concentrated in the following states of Russian Federation:
a. DONBAS/DONETZ COAL BASIN:
Twenty five per cent of the Russian coat is concentrated in this regain of Russian Federation. This area is situated in the back of Black Sea and produces high grade of coal Anthracite and Bituminous coat.
b. MOSCOW-TULA COALFIELD:
These coat reserves are unimportant both according to production as well as quality of coal. The coal reserves consist of Lignite Brown coal which is used as kitchen fuel or for the production of electricity.
c. KIJZNETSK COAL BASIN:
This region produces 20 per cent of coal produced totally in the Common Wealth of Independent States which is used in the metallic industry. These reserves are consisting upon 4, 50,000 million metric tones in the West of Siberia. The efficient net work of transport system is available here which connects East and West Siberia with Ural.
d. KARAGANDA BASIN.
Karaganda produces merely 5 per cent of the total coal produced by Common Wealth of Independent States. These coal reserves are found in Kazekistan. Coke coal is mined from here which is used in the metallic industry. This coal is easy to explore.
e. OTHER SMALL RESERVES:
There are many regions in Russian Federation from where coal is mined including Urat Mountains, Siberia coal basin, the Ekibastz Coal Basin and Pechora Basin which is most important providing coal to the North-West economic regions. The coal reserves of Tungus and Lenabas in are still lying utilized.
Japan has very limited coat reserves. According to estimation, these reserves are not more than 1000 million tones which constitute 3 percent of total coat produced in the world. The coal mines are located here in the Keshu Island and 75 per cent of the total coal mines here are used locally in iron and steel industry. The coal mined from here is the inferior quality of coal called Bituminous Coal.
In accordance with an estimation the coal reserves of India are about 74733 million tones and so India occupies 5th. position at the world level. The consumption of coal is higher than its production in India. Coal mining began here from 1774 and since than the exploration of coal in increasing constantly. After independence (1947), this increase has become tremendous. The coal reserves are concentrated here from West Bengal to Bihar, Ureesa and Madhy Predesh and Aasam and Rajisthan. Ninety eight per cent of the total coal produced in the country is contributed by Bengal,Bihar, ureesa and Madhy Predesh. This coal region covers an area of 77,700 sqr. Kms.
The coal mines in Pakistan contain Bituminous and Lignite type of coal. Since the quality of these types of coal is inferior, it can’t be used for making coke. The coal reserves in Pakistan are situated in Quetta, Kalat, Rawalpindi Division,Hyderabad and Sargodha. The annual rate of coal exploration in Pakistan is about 2 million tones.