Q4. WHERE ARE THE COAL MINES IN SOUTH HEMISPHERE? DISCUSS.
EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANT COAL PRODUCING REGIONS IN THE SOUTH HEMISPHERE.
South Hemisphere produces just 5 per cent of total coal produced in the world. The important coal producing areas in South Hemisphere are as under:
Australia is the biggest coal producing country in South Hemisphere. Coal mining increased rapidly in Australia simultaneous with the industrial development here. In 1970, only 50 million tones of coal were mined and after 30 years (2000), this production increased to 290 million tones.Australia, after America, Russia and Chine, is the fourth big coal producing country because the coal reserves here have been estimated at 90,400 million metric tones. Since Consumption of coal is too less in Australia as compared to its production, Australia has surpassed all the countries in the export of coal.
The big reserves of the coke coal are located in New South Wale sand Queens lard,New Castle region is the biggest coal producing region in New South Wales. The coal mines are found in Queens land in the coastal plains. There are big Lignite Coal reserves in Victoria which are the biggest coal reserves of Brown coal in the world. Coal is also available in Tasmania.
2. NEW ZEALAND:
There are only two coal mines in New Zealand; one in Spaini Mouth and the other West Port.