Q. WHAT IS MEANT BY PHYSICAL AND NON- PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT? DIFFERENTIATE.
EXPLAIN THE CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NATURAL ‘PHYSICAL’ ENVIRONMENTS? EXPLAIN.
Environment refers to the factors which are scattered around and in which man lives is called ‘environment’. Human environment can be divided into the following two kinds:
1. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT:
Physical Environment or material is also called ‘environment’ therefore, all the things and factors are included in the concept of environment which have been produced by nature like rivers, mountains, lakes, vegetation, climate, ocean, minerals etc. It can also be said that physical environment is constituted by all the gifts of nature.
2. CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT:
Cultural or non-material environment includes the social customs and traditions of a country, political system, religion, form of the government, population etc. In other words, human activities are included in the cultural or non-material environment, if the different countries of the world are looked at, it is revealed that the activities and intellect of all the people living in different countries are not the same but they differ from country to country. The same difference of activities and intellect makes the culture of one country different than that of other.
The regions where the people are active, intelligent and alert use the natural resources in a better way as compared to the region where the people are lethargic and lack in Intel ligence. Geography, in this way, is not concerned with physical environment but also with the cultural environment. The same thing can also be said that the difference of cultural environment creates the difference in economic and social activities.
It should be kept in view here that both nature and culture are complementary for the resource formalities because whatever the occupation a man adopts, is composed of the same factors. For instance, soil, climate, rainfall etc are the natural factors. The man prepares the soil for cultivation and afterwards he implements the tradition and historical methods (culture) of cultivation. The formation of resources, in this manner, comes into being by combined working of physical and cultural environment.