Q1. GIVE THE ANALYSIS OF POPULATION FROM 8000 B.C TO 2000 A.D.
WHAT IS MEANT BY POPULATION GROWTH AND HIGHLIGHT BRIEFLY THE NATURE OF POPULATION GROWTH FROM THE BEGINNING UP TILL NOW.
GIVE THE BRIEF HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF WORLD POPULATION.
Resources are indispensable for human life. In other words, a deep relationship is maintained between the human life and the resources. It is, therefore, obvious to have a question in mind that what is the volume of population in comparison of the resources? What resources are found in which countries and how has the world population distributed in the different countries? Increase in population. With the passage of time, is quite natural and obvious. It, therefore, becomes necessary for us to find the answers to these questions on the basis of analyzing the world population so that the problem crated due to the human population growth and the existing resources can be understood.
To know the pattern and the volume of increase of world population is riot only difficult but impossible because of high complexity of this analysis. Human wisdom, to understand this problem, can help only from the beginning of keeping the historical record written or unwritten The reality is that the growth of human population is a very complicated issue because human history began to be preserved very late of human birth, What has been the pattern of human population so far, we are quite ignorant of the dominant part of this history Nevertheless, some thing, about the world population increase, can be said with proof about the modern and a little back of the modern age.
In accordance with the contention of historians, Man was born on the globe 10 million years ago. According to them, whatever the resources for the human survival required, were very scarce. He, for living, used to hunt the wild animals or birds and fish or pluck fruits from the trees and get roots. He faced a series of difficulties and problems for living. Although the birth rate was higher but death rate was also higher due to sickness and the absence of medical facilities. Obviously, rate of population increase was not fast. It is estimated that the total world population at that time was not more than 50 to 80 million people.
Historians are of the opinion that man began to keep cattle and cultivate. Although agriculture began but in a few regions but it was also the fact that man, as a gift of agriculture, got not only sufficient quantity of food but the food was full of vitamins and other elements required for human good health. Man, abandoning wandering life, settled permanently on a particular plot of land. This was the first time in human history when land came under the ownership of man. He, prior to this, used to be busy all the time in hunting and fishing. In another words, he was having noting to do except to quench the fire of appetite. When he, due to settle down at a particular place, found the spare time, the began to think about other aspects of life also like construction, arts, law, government etc. The villages where agriculture initiated, people marked the land as their property. Small towns and cities began to emerge out of many small villages due to which other activities also began like education, medicines, commerce, trade and other social and economic activities. Afterwards, population increased persistently in the villages and cities and this increase is continued so far.
Agricultural activities, in Australia and New Zealand, began a bit rate. Agriculture began here 1500 B.C. Agricultural activities, no doubt, made the pace of increase in population fast but still it was slow which could be realized with the fact that the world population 8000 S.C was 80 million which increased up to First century A.D 13 billion and in 1750. It was 18 billion.
1750 emerged as one of the mile stone in the human because Industrial Revolution took place this year. This revolution increased the pace of world population growth miraculously. World population in 1750 was 0.8 billion which increased to 1.7 billion in 1900 and in 1990 it increased to 5.3 billion. The world population today (2005) is approximately 6.5 billion. It is estimated that the world population by the end of 2015 would be about 7.5 billion or approximately 8 billion